Aryans settled in the Sapta Sindhu region or the land of the seven rivers, comprising eastern Afghanistan, Punjab, (India and Pakistan) and parts of western U.P. Vedic Age – GK Question Quiz. EduRev is like a wikipedia which describes that the Vedic gods were found in Asia Minor at Boghaz-koi. Its songs were meant to be sung at some sacrifice by a special class of priests called Udgatri. Members of the royal court included the crowned queen (Mahishi), chamberlain (Kshattri) and the game companion (Akshavapa). Use of improved implements of iron was largely instrumental in accelerating the process of Aryan expansion. The Vedas are said to have passed on through verbal transmission from one generation to the next. They are the prose texts that explain the hymns in the Vedas and are also the classification of Sanskrit texts that are embedded within each Veda, incorporating myths and legends to explain and instruct Brahmins on the performance of Vedic rituals. It gives us an insight into the political, social, economic and religious life of the people of Rig Vedic India. ENROLL. They contain deep speculations of a philosophical character which revolve around the two concepts of Brahma and Atma. Dating of the final codification of the Brahmanas and associated Vedic texts is controversial, as they were likely recorded after several centuries of oral transmission. Register or Login | ₹ 0.00 Required fields are marked *. Upanishads (secret or esoteric doctrine. Called “apaurusheya” meaning not created by human beings that means divine. Mantras: (saying, song, formula) consists of the oldest division of vedic literature and is distributed in four samhitas (or collections); Rig Veda Samhita, Sam Veda Samhita, Yajur Veda Samhita and Athrva Veda Samhita. The Purohita was the sole associate of the king as his preceptor, friend, philosopher and guide. At Sattapani (Rajgriha) in 483  B.C. But the former division is more popular, II-VII mandalas are the earliest and are also called family books. Here is the list of Vedic literature which is very important for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, and Railways etc. To Study Vedic Culture (Part - 1) UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC Abhyudaya Kelkar. The chief opponents of the Aryans were the indigenous people of non-aryan origin known as Panis and Dasas or Dasyus. King was also the upholder of the established order and moral rules (dhritavrata). The first four principles are of Parsavanath and the fifth Bramacharya was included by Mahaviara. Contains 1,028 hymns and is divided into 10 mandalas. Rejected the authority of the Vedas and the Vedic rituals. The term ‘Aryan’ or ‘Indo-Aryan’ and ‘Indo-European’ primarily denotes a linguistic concept. Shruti is “that which has been heard” and is canonical, consisting of revelation and unquestionable truth, and is considered eternal. Shakeel Anwar Jul 18, 2017 18:20 IST Starting with family, the hierarchy in the ascending order was village (grama), clan (vis), people or tribe (jana), and country (rastra). It marks the transition from ritualistic to philosophical thought. The factor which enabled the Aryans to emerge victorious in the struggle against the indigenous tribes was superior military equipment of the Aryans. The Vedic literature consists of four Vedas, namely: The four Vedas i.e. Atharva Veda (book of magical formula)—Also known las non-Aryan work, some of its hymns are as old as the earliest hymns of Rig Veda. The Complete Notes for Prelims Exam [Free], UPSC study material and notes for UPSC and other PSC exam in Hindi & English. There are references to the priest (Purohita), commander-in-chief (Senani), Charioteer (Suta), Treasurer (Sangrahitri), and tax-collectors (Bhagadugha). Popular assemblies functioned as checks on the king. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. Your email address will not be published. The Vedic Literature. Filed Under: UPSC. Do check out the sample questions By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. Shruti and Smriti. Society in Vedic Civilization: In Early Vedic Age: The Rig Vedic society was basically patriarchal. Each Brahmana is connected with one of the Samhitas. The war, fought on the bank of river Parushni (Ravi), ended with the victory of Bharatas led by Sudas; the defeated side was led by the Puru king Purukutsa. They are four in all - Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. This Vedic Civilization - Indo-Aryan Migration, Early and Later Vedic Period [UPSC GS-I] The Vedic Age was between 1500 BC and 600 BC. 13 lessons. (2) Sama Veda. The king performed various rituals and sacrifices to strengthen his position—. The oldest Brahmana is dated to about 900 BCE, while the youngest is dated to around 700 BCE. The Vedas are some of the oldest extant texts in India. It consists of … You can see some Vedic Culture (Part - 1) UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. In Vedic literature God Indra is called Purandara, destroyer of forts, because Aryans had to fight with the enemies living in fortified places. The Vedic culture is described in the texts of Vedas, still sacred to Hindus, which were orally composed in Vedic Sanskrit. Vedic literature consists of Vedas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads. The Brahmanas attached to each of the Samhitas, 3. Ltd.) 641, 1st Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Opp Signature View Apartment, New Delhi-110009 Download Vedic Literature notes PDF for UPSC 2021. 2000+ History MCQ For UPSC PDF Book Download करें –आज Sarkari Naukri Help आप सब छात्रों के लिए Indian History GK से सम्बंधित महत्वपूर्ण Book PDF “2000+ History Objective Questions with Explanation” शेयर कर रहा है. UPSC 2020 Topic – Vedic Literature – UPSC GS-I Having the status of 'Shruti' text (Meaning - Which has been heard), Vedas embody self-existent truth that is thought to be realized by the seers of Hindu tradition, in state of meditation. This article provides a one-stop solution to UPSC aspirant which are searching for UPSC Study material at a single place so that without losing precious time, … To Yajur Veda--Satapatha Brahmana; most exhaustive and most important of all the Brahmanas; points out the progress of culture from Panchala to Videha. The Aryan expansion of India did lead to —(I) Opening of new geographic areas (II) Emergence of predominantly agrarian economy (III) Discovery of the rich iron deposits in Magadha leading to great improvement in technology. The main focus of the Rigvedic culture was the Punjab and Delhi region. ... UPSC History Syllabus 2021 – PDF Download. your solution of Vedic Culture (Part - 1) UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. Question 2. Discuss the political pattern and the major religious ideas and rituals of the Vedic age. Ancient Indian history notes Chanakya ias study material: Dear friend we are providing Ancient Indian history notes which will very useful for UPSC UPPSC UPSSSC examination. The main cause of the tribal wars among the early Aryan settlers, the most famous of which is ref erred to as the Battle of Ten Kings in the Rigveda, was cattle and land disputes. Hello Guest ! The Upanishads. The geographical knowledge of the early Aryans did not extend beyond Yamuna. There are broadly two types of Vedic literature: The Vedic literature can be classified into the following categories: Aspirants should know the difference between Vedas and Upanishads mentioned in the linked article.). The killing of an embryo, and drinking Sura (wine) were included among serious crimes. On the other hand, This Free PDF Notes (ssc cgl history questions) and history notes for ssc is important for various Sarkari exams like UPSC, IAS, RAS, UPPSC, MPPSC, BPSC, SSC CGL, CHSL, CPO, history for ssc cgl Notes For State PSC, CTET, Sub inspector, Patwari exam, Revenue office Exams all over India. Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system. Divergent in nature, some Brahmanas also contain mystical and philosophical material that constitutes Aranyakas and Upanishads. The literary source includes literature of Vedic, Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, and other literature along with other foreign accounts. It is the period when the later Samhitas-Atharva, Yajur and Sutras were composed. 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